The Belavezha Accords (Russian: Беловежские соглашения, Belarusian: Белавежскае пагадненне/Bielaviežskaje pahadniennie, Ukrainian: Біловезькі угоди) is the agreement that declared the Soviet Union effectively dissolved and established the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) in its place. It was signed at the state dacha near Viskuli in Belovezhskaya Pushcha on December 8, 1991, by the leaders of three of the four republics-signatories of the Treaty on the Creation of the USSR — Russian President Boris Yeltsin, Ukrainian president Leonid Kravchuk and Belarusian parliament chairman Stanislav Shushkevich.
Dissolution of SSSR
Twenty-five years ago, three men were able to dissolve a giant country with a pen stroke. Their signatures change the world in so many ways. Some important reflections might be useful at this anniversary and one key question remain:
- Why has not Russian’s average standard of living improved?
Another important question relevant more than ever:
- How could Yeltsin forget to say “but” and then continue: “we need to get Krim back”?
A good analysis to answer the first question can be found in the Globalist article “1913-2013 Russia Bothced Entire Century”
Norwegian journalist and historian Hans Wilhelm Steinfeldt has a shorter version:
“Russia is like a huge military camp. Lack of pluralism and private enterprise has effectively hindered technological spin-off from military development and investments into civil society.”
When you ad insane centralization and piratization of the economy over the last 25 years, you find chocking indicators of some fundamental problems:
Life expectancy for men is only around 64 years in Russia.
When it comes to Krim, rumours have it that Yeltsin got too drunk into the afternoon December 8, 1991 – and forgot all about Krim.
So here we are in 2016, facing a future with Putin and Trump. What have we done to deserve this? Well, history tend to repeat itself.
Two world leaders heading their two nations both with humongous financial challenges and an angry crowd that have not seen improvements in their life for the last 30 years. Prospects could worry some people. But the rest of us, we are optimistic, right?
Anders, Kapp-Norway in the evening December 7, 2016